Opioid Abuse

SIGNS & SYMPTOMS OF OPIOID ABUSE

Mood / Psychological Symptoms:

• Increased general anxiety
• Anxiety attacks
• Euphoria
• Psychosis
• Improved Self-esteem
• Depression
• Irritibility
• Lowered motivation
 

Behavioral Symptoms:

• Opioids are used for longer or at a greater amount than intended
• Unsuccessful attempts to decrease the amount taken
• Large amount of time spent obtaining, using, or recovering from the drug
• Abandonment of important activities
 

Physical Symptoms:

• heightened alertness
• increased sensitivity to sensory stimuli
• constricted blood vessels
• increased heart rate
• high blood pressure
• increased energy
• decreased appetite
• increased sexual arousal
• physical agitation
• Difficulty Sleeping
• Over-arousal and hyper-vigilance
 

Effects of Opioid Abuse

Some of the side effects of opioid abuse include:

  • Fatigue
  • Constipation
  • Breathlessness
  • Sense of elation
  • Bronchospasm
  • Physical & psychological dependence
  • Nausea
  • Confusion
  • Depressed respiration and difficulty breathing
  • Death (often due to use of more than one substance)
  • Chest pain
  • Nutritional deficiencies
  • Hormone imbalances
  • Decreased immune function / greater risk of infections

 

Withdrawal effects of Opioid Abuse

Some of the common withdrawal effects associated with stopping the use of opioids include:
• Physical and psychological cravings
• Nausea
• Stomach pain
• Cold sweat
• Chills
• Vomiting
• Diarrhea
• Agitation
• Anxiety
• Muscle tension
• Shaking or quivering
• Trouble sleeping
• Enlarged pupils
• Pain in the bones